Non-Permanent Birth Control Options:
For couples who have not yet started their families, or who may be unsure about whether or not they wish to add to their existing family, non-permanent birth control should be considered in order to prevent pregnancy. Some of these options include barrier methods.
With barrier methods, sperm is blocked from reaching the egg either by the use of condoms or a diaphragm (diaphragms are used in conjunction with spermicidal gels). If a diaphragm is desired, your physician will measure your cervix in order to provide the best fit. Barrier methods are non-hormonal options that function without the use of hormones, and rates of associated pregnancy with these methods should be discussed.
- Birth Control Pills – Also known as Oral Contraceptive Pills (OCPs), OCPs are taken by mouth daily and rely on hormones to prevent ovulation in order to prevent pregnancy.
- NUVA Ring® – This flexible plastic ring is inserted into the vagina and worn 24/7 for the first three weeks of a woman’s menstrual cycle; this method relies on the release of hormones to prevent ovulation, thus reducing the chances of fertilization and pregnancy. Many women appreciate not having to remember to take daily pills with this method.
- Intrauterine Device (IUD) – An IUD is a small device, often “Y” shaped. Some contain copper or levonorgestrel to prevent ovulation.
- Mirena® IUD (contains progesterone) – A specific type of IUD that is one of the most effective, is made of plastic, and releases hormones to prevent pregnancy. This IUD is effective immediately upon placement in the uterus and remains effective for five years.
- Paragard – An IUD made with copper.
- Nexplanon – A subdermal contraceptive implant.